Essential Arabic Vocabulary– Weather

The Middle East, in general, is known for its hot and arid climate from the months of April through October. One exception is Lebanon, which has a four-season cycle. If you are planning to visit the “Sunshine” countries, the most suitable time to schedule a trip to these regions is between November and March.

Expanding your Arabic vocabulary may also be a good idea. Learning some of the weather related terms and expressions below may help you communicate with others about the weather in an Arabic county more confidently.

Phrase in Arabic Phrase in English Pronunciation

طقس

Weather Ṭaqs

مطر

Rain Maṭar

ثلج

Snow Ṯalǧ

ضباب

Fog Ḍabāb

شمس

Sun Šams

رياح

Wind Riyāḥ

رعد

Thunder Raʿd

برق

Lightning Barq

نسيم

Breeze Nasīm

برد

Hail Bard

رذاذ

Drizzle Raḏāḏ

فيضان

Flood Fayaḍān

جليد

Frost Ǧalīd

عاصفة

Storm ʿĀṣifa

قوس قزح

Rainbow Qaws qozaḥ

حالة الطقس

Forecast Ḥālat aṭ-ṭaqs

موجة حرّ

Heat wave Mawǧatu ḥarr

رطوبة

Humidity Ruṭūbah

موسم

Season Mawsem

إعصار

Hurricane ʾIʿṣār

زلزال

Earthquake Zilzāl

مظلّة

Umbrella Miẓallah

معطف واق من المطر

Raincoat Miʿtaf waqi men ʾal-mṭar

الجوّ شديد الرياح

It’s windy ʾAǧ-ǧawu šadeedu ar-riyāḥ

الجوّ حار

It’s hot ʾAǧ-ǧawu ḥārr

الجوّ بارد

It’s cold ʾAǧ-ǧawu bārid

الجوّ ضبابي

It’s misty ʾAǧ-ǧawu ḍabābi

تمطر بغزارة

It’s pouring Tumṭiru biġazarah

تمطر رذاذاً

It’s sprinkling Tumṭiru raḏāḏan

غروب الشمس

Sunset Ġurūbu ʾaš-šams

شروق الشمس

Sunrise Šurūqu ʾaš-šams

فجر

Dawn Faǧr

بدر

Full moon Badr

فوق الصفر

Above zero Fawqa ʾaṣ-ṣifr

تحت الصفر

Below zero Taḥta ʾaṣ-ṣifr

درجات

Degrees Daraǧāt

Slang/Commonly Used Expressions:

Phrase in Arabic Phrase in English Pronunciation

ما حال الطقس؟

What’s the weather like? Mā ḥālu ʾaṭ-ṭaqs?

تمطر بغزارة

It’s raining cats and dogs. Tumṭiru biġazāra.

تبلَّل

To be drenched. Taballala.

البرد قارس

It’s freezing cold. ʾAl-bardu qāris.

الحرارة شديدة

It’s boiling hot. ʾAl-ḥarārah šadidah.

!إنّه ليوم جميل

It’s a beautiful day! ʾInnahu la yawmun ǧamilun!

!إنّه ليوم مشمس

It’s a sunny day! ʾInnahu la yawmun mušmisun!

يبدو أنّها ستمطر

It looks like it is going to rain. Yabdu ʾannaha satumṭir.